Recovery from tbi can be described in three progressive phases. The childrens hospital at westmead would like to gratefully acknowledge the support of the crown resorts foundation and the packer family foundation. Comparison of the westmead pta scale and the glasgow coma. It is administered once a day, each and every day, until. Assessments must be completed by someone trained in the use of the fimtm.
Nsw speech pathology evidence based practice network. The duration of pta is the best indicator of the extent of cognitive and functional deficits after tbi. Use of the westmead pta scale to monitor recovery of. Predictors of prospective memory in adults with traumatic brain injury jennifer fleming,1,2 lee riley,1 hannah gill,1,3 matthew j. The objective of this study was the field testing of this scale in eds and assessment of validity and reliability of test items. Australasian society for the study of brain impairment. Use of the westmead pta scale to monitor recovery of memory after mild head injury. Two raters viewed 20 episodes of the westmead pta scale. Functional outcome 10 years after traumatic brain injury. The diagnostic accuracy of the revised westmead pta scale as an adjunct to the glasgow coma scale in the early identification of cognitive impairment in.
Sample version of the abbreviated westmead pta scale. Assessment of posttraumatic amnesia pta in young children remains problematic. Links to pubmed are also available for selected references. We used a data extraction form to record data from the deidentified medical file. Of those assessed with the abbreviated westmead post traumatic amnesia scale, 56% had a shorter length of stay than had they been assessed with the modified oxford posttraumatic scale, resulting in 295 beddays saved. Pdf manual free pdf file portable document page 46. Observed recovery sequence in neurobehavioral function after. Fatigue and sleep disturbance following traumatic brain inju. Post traumatic amnesia pta is the period of time during which a person is disorientated or confused and unable to recall new information following a head injury. Westmead pta scale for children childrens orientation and amnesia test ewingcobbs et al. Its relationship with demographic, injury severity, and. The westmead scale was developed in the 1980s to fill a gap in the assessment tools used to determine the presence of pta in patients shores et al. The westmead pta scale was designed for patients with a closed head injury. Revised westmead pta scale the rwptas table 1 consists of a combination of the best verbal response questions bvrqs of the gcs and the modified version of ponsford et als rwptas.
Glasgow coma scale gcs and abbreviated westmead pta. Limitations associated with these scales refer to imperfect accuracy, because not all answers to. They were recruited and had completed assessments at a mean of 295. Gullo,3,4 jenny strong,1 and david shum3,4 1school of health and rehabilitation sciences, the university of queensland, brisbane, queensland, australia. What it is the purpose of this business rule is to provide evidence based. Get a printable copy pdf file of the complete article 485k, or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Fimtm is a rating scale to assess a persons functional independence. Provides information on reporting, interpretation and special patients. This article details a version of the westmead pta scale. Identifying posttraumatic amnesia in individuals with a. Open access original research challenges in the acute. Existing objective measures of pta duration are designed for use over a 24hour timeframe and, therefore, are not useful for assessing pta following mild head injury mhi. Welcome to this presentation on the administration of the. A medline search for the years 19902000 using the key words posttraumatic retrograde and anterograde amnesia, concussion and mild traumatic brain injury was done.
Participants included 55 preschool and kindergarten children aged 4 and 5 years. The person may be unable to state their name, where they are, and what time it is. To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an updatecorrectionremoval request. Glasgow coma scale gcs and abbreviated westmead pta scale.
The diagnostic accuracy of the revised westmead pta scale as an adjunct to the glasgow coma scale in the early identification of cognitive impairment in patients with. Pta these are rarely used in the acute management of mtbi patients because many protocols are too lengthy to be administered in ed settings. Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. The westmead posttraumatic amnesia scale for children assbi. To determine whether administering the revised westmead posttraumatic amnesia pta scale rwptas in addition to the gcs would increase diagnostic accuracy in the early identification of cognitive impairment in patients with mtbi.
Abbreviated westmead post traumatic amnesia scale awptas incorporating the glasgow coma scale gcs and picture recognition complete all details or affix patient label here family name mrn given name male female d. Glasgow coma scale is a standardised system for assessing response to stimuli after a head injury. Pta testing stops when the patient has reached the westmead pta scale s operational definition for being out of pta i. The prpp system is a dynamic assessment and intervention approach that directly links results of cognitive task analysis with strategies for intervention. In australia, the most common way to assess pta is by using the westmead pta scale khan et al. Achieved a score of 1012 on the westmead pta gt 45 year old male, gcs 315 at scene, pta duration of 159 days km 33 year old female, gcs 415 at scene, pta duration of 63 days exclusions included a speech disorder prior to the onset of tbi, preexisting neurological disease. Pdf use of the westmead pta scale to monitor recovery of.
Existing pta scales including the galveston orientation and amnesia test goat 17, the modified oxford pta scale moptas 18, the westmead pta scale wptas 19 and the revisedwptas 2004, ponsford version 20 use standardized assessment formats table 1. Full text full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Predictors of prospective memory in adults with traumatic. The westmead posttraumatic amnesia scale for children. They had a mean lowest preintubation glasgow coma scale score of 9. Onthefield testing of pta is a salient and integral component of the initial and followup neurologic assessments of the headinjured athlete. T2 guidelines for using the westmead posttraumatic amnesia pta scale. Standard procedures the westmead pta scale is a very simple and straightforward test. Address location ward abbrevi a ted westme a d post t r a um a tic amnesi a s c a le awp t a. Pdf the abbreviated westmead posttraumatic amnesia. The present results support the recommendation that pta be formally assessed with a standardized measure. Further concurrent validity data on the westmead pta scale. Pdf the diagnostic accuracy of the revised westmead pta. Guide to using the abbreviated westmead post traumatic amnesia scale awptas.
Patients may present in a posttraumatic amnestic pta state, where they may have a glasgow coma scale gcs score of 1515. Accurate assessment of pta is imperative in guiding clinical decision making. Neuropsychiatric diagnosis and management of chronic sequelae. Post traumatic amnesia awpta scale testing in the emergency department protocol for abbreviated westmead cross references including nsw health sesiahs policy directives sgshhs clin155 post traumatic amnesia pta testing protocol for 1. Objectives to better establish the clinical features, natural history, clinical management, and rehabilitation implications of dysautonomia after traumatic brain injury, and to highlight difficulties with previous nomenclature. Predictors of postconcussive symptoms 3 months after mild. To investigate the effect of an environmental reorientation program on duration of pta after tbi in an acute care hospital setting. Development and external validation of a new pta assessment scale. Posttraumatic amnesia pta is a key symptom of traumatic brain injury tbi. Address location ward abbrevi a ted westme a d post t r a um a tic a mnesi a s c a le awp t a. Retrospective assessment of pta duration is arguably. In australia, the most common means of assessing pta is the westmead pta scale. Two reliable indicators of damage severity include how long the person is in a coma and the length of time in posttraumatic amnesia pta. Pdf comparison of the westmead pta scale and the glasgow.
The abbreviated scale is based on the original westmead pta scale. Our aim was to develop and externally validate a short, examiner independent and practical pta scale, by selecting the most discriminative items from existing scales and using a threeword memory test. Existing pta scales including the galveston orientation and amnesia test goat, the modified oxford pta scale moptas, the westmead pta scale wptas and the revisedwptas 2004, ponsford version use standardized assessment formats table 1. The diagnostic accuracy of the revised westmead pta scale. The abbreviated westmead posttraumatic amnesia scale provides an early and efficient assessment of posttraumatic amnesia for patients with. Pdf on feb 1, 1989, e a shores and others published comparison of the westmead pta scale and the glasgow coma scale as predictors of neuropsychological outcome following extremely severe blunt. Westmead pta scale is a standardised and prospective measure of post traumatic amnesia. The performance of hospitalized, non headinjured children. Existing pta scales including the galveston orientation and amnesia test goat, the modified oxford pta scale moptas, the westmead pta scale wptas and the revisedwptas 2004, ponsford version use standardized assessment formats table table1. The purpose of the initial medical assessment is to establish the diagnosis of concussionmtbi by ruling out more. Pdf duration of posttraumatic amnesia pta is an important index of severity of head injury. Pta is defined as that period of time in which the brain is unable to lay down continuous daytoday memory.
Racgp traumatic brain injury support for injured people. Use of the westmead pta scale to monitor recovery of memory. Posttraumatic amnesia pta is a state of confusion that occurs immediately following a traumatic brain injury tbi in which the injured person is disoriented and unable to remember events that occur after the injury. Second, 94% of the children over the age of 7 met the westmead pta scale s criteria.
Sample version of the abbreviated westmead pta scale awptas. Reliability and validity of the abbreviated westmead pst. The westmead posttraumatic amnesia scale queensland health. This article is intended solely for the personal use of the. A patient is considered to be out of pta when they score. First, the performance of 6 and 7yearolds on the scale was significantly different from that of older age groups. Limitations associated with these scales refer to imperfect accuracy. The westmead pta scale for children wptasc comprises 2 orientation and 4 memory questions, including 2 items involving remembering pictures of familiar objects. Pdf file of the complete article 485k, or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Pdf the diagnostic accuracy of the revised westmead pta scale. Validation of the abbreviated westmead posttraumatic amnesia scale. Westmead post traumatic amnesia pta scale wptas marosszeky, et al. They live in the australian alps, near mount kosciusko. Westmead pta scale administered daily at a consistent time by the treating.
Patients scoring 1818 can be considered for discharge. Awptas department of psychology, macquarie university. Further data supporting the concurrent validity of the westmead pta scale is presented the initial concurrent validation data on the westmead pta scale study was based on two separate groups of traumatic brain injury patients in order to ensure that the results of that study were not due to sampling differences between the groups related to different degrees of recovery as a consequence of. The westmead posttraumatic amnesia scale for children wptasc aged 4 and 5 years old.
For several days, she required oneonone nursing with a bed made up on the floor. Comparison of the westmead pta scale and the glasgow coma scale as predictors of neuropsychological outcome following extremely severe blunt head injury. A revised version of the westmead pta scale was developed for assessing patients with mhi in the emergency department ed at hourly intervals. This article details a version of the westmead pta scale, which was adapted for use with children aged 4 and 5 years, and an evaluation of this scale with typically developing children. The awptas was developed as a method of measuring the duration of posttraumatic amnesia pta because this is a useful way of identifying the extent of brain damage. The westmead posttraumatic amnesia scale wptas scope and objectives of clinical task this cti will enable the allied health assistant aha to. Introduction of the abbreviated westmead posttraumatic. Data were collected from 82 consecutive participants with mtbi who presented to the. Limitations associated with these scales refer to imperfect accuracy, because not all. It consists of twelve questions that assess orientation and ability to consistently retain new information from one day to another. The purpose of this study was to assess the agreement between raters in scoring items of the westmead post. The westmead pta scale may, therefore, be considered suitable for investigation with headinjured children over the age of 7 years. Pdf introduction of the abbreviated westmead posttraumatic. In a randomised design, two related pta procedures were compared, one purportedly more difficult westmead pta scale, wptas than the other modified oxford pta scale, moptas.94 54 464 487 1450 595 98 484 1083 718 668 769 573 951 772 1250 1217 1276 1094 589 1014 180 1120 1038 1246 878 954 1527 738 165 1401 396 1423 321 1365 1468 1486 1021 36 882 1328 23 275 1267